Arpeggiator with free speed

Is it possible in Cubase to have a note (e.g. from the sampler track) triggered by an arpeggiator?

In concrete terms, I would first like to play a sample very quickly and slow down the repetitions via automation. The whole thing should be “free” so not quantized graded.

I’m trying to recreate Deniz Koyu’s vocal effect in Cubase.