You can’t activate Cubase 11 if you don’t own a license for Cubase 11.
This is how I understand it, but like @skijumptoes and @alexis just wrote, try and contact Steinberg support or Matthias. None of us work for Steinberg.
Contact them and try the other suggestions. Noone outside Steinberg and its designated affiliates can help you with your request. You need a license for Cubase <=11, which you did not buy.
I do not understand, why you did not buy Cubase 11 before 12 was released. Steinberg communicated the change including the licensing long beforehand. There was even a long grace period. You had enough time to get it if you wanted it - and not 12. Why don’t you work with 12 if you got it?